Sure, they had to work in hot, stifling conditions. They frequently suffered from bronchitis, silicosis, TB and rheumatism. Rock falls, flooding, and arsenic poisoning were constant dangers. (Arsenic being a by-product of tin mining). But they didn't get pimples. So life was good.
[info about the dangers of tin mining from bbc.co.uk]
Rabies, once called hydrophobia due to the afflicted's aversion to water in later stages of the disease, is very rare and easily treated today. If the patient is diagnosed and treated quickly that is. Unfortunately for a Maryland native he contracted the disease through a kidney transplant and no one had a clue till it was to late to save him. Other recipients of organs from the same donor are being given rabies treatment as a safety measure as are caregivers and family of the man who died. Definitely not something you hear about every day, thank goodness!
A case report in the New England Journal of Medicine describes a woman who coughed so hard that she pushed her lung out through her ribs. That's got to be painful.
According to msnbc.com, violent coughing can also result in collapsed lungs, ruptured spleens, and eyeballs coming out of their sockets. Lovely!
This hits close to home for me because my wife occasionally suffers from an intense cough. She may go for several years without any problems, but when "The Cough" (as we call it) returns, it's always pretty bad. And it usually takes several months for it to go away. Thankfully it's been a while since she last had The Cough. (knock on wood).