The answer is below in extended.
It's a bill that was presented for a job of plastering in the days of illiteracy in England. How the symbols should be read:
Two men for three quarters of a day, using 2 hods of mortar, and 10 shillings the cost. The bill was paid, as indicated by the hanged man, for that is final.
I found this in a 1937 Ripley's Believe it or Not cartoon, which isn't a very reliable source, and I haven't been able to find where Ripleys got it from. So perhaps take it with a grain of salt.